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Mineral Benefits Chart

Different minerals have different benefits and no mineral can be termed as more beneficial or less beneficial. All minerals are critical for proper functioning of the body. Most of the minerals aid in body metabolism, water balance, and bone health. Below is list of some of the minerals found in our body, with their benefits.

  • Boron
  • Calcium
  • Chromium
  • Copper
  • Iron
  • Magnesium
  • Manganese
  • Molybdenum
  • Potassium
  • Selenium
  • Vanadium
  • Zinc

+ Has estrogenic effects
+ Supplementation may inhibit certain prostate cancer cells
+ Deprivation affects cysteine metabolism in a way that negatively affects bone

+ Deficiency found in muscle fatigue
+ Overall low intake in women
+ Supplementation can reduce cancer risks in post menopausal women
+ Intake of 470/mg/day meets bone growth needs of 1-4 year olds
+ Supplementation has positive impact on colon cancer incidence
+ Supplementation has positive effect on lipids during weight loss
+ Deficiency may contribute to insulin insensitivity

+ Known to enhance the action of insulin, a hormone critical to the metabolism and storage of carbohydrate, fat, and protein in the body
+ Appears to be directly involved in carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism, but more research is needed to determine the full range of its roles in the body
+ Sold as a single-ingredient supplement as well as in combination formulas, particularly those marketed for weight loss and performance enhancement
+ Supplement doses typically range from 50 to 200 mcg
+ Certain medications may interact with chromium, especially when taken on a regular basis
+ Before taking dietary supplements, check with your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider, especially if you take prescription or over-the-counter medications

+ Deficiency causes hematological abnormalities
+ Modulates cadmium toxicity
+ Role in liver health
+ Improves certain immune functions
+ Important to brain health
+ Deficiency can be cause of bone marrow failure
+ Deficiency associated with atherosclerosis
+ Deficiency is overlooked cause of anemia and neutropenia
+ Deficiency can cause altered cardiac function due to elevated NO Synthases
+ Intake decreases homocysteine and increases gluthathione
+ Deficiency contributes to altered cardiac function
+ Supplementation with copper glycinate increases red cell SOD
+ Has a role in CNS development
+ May be associated with BMI

+ Fights anemia of cancer
+ Deficiency causes anemia
+ Deficiency caused by H. pylori
+ Heme iron uptake
+ Iron handling and anemia of chronic disease
+ Iron deficiency due to gastric bypass
+ Ferrous bisglycinate more effective due to better compliance
+ Resulting from less side effects
+ Iron absorption inhibited by tea and enhanced by Vitamin C
+ Deficiency causes decreased cognitive function
+ Daily intake improves anemia status, while weekly intake only maintains status
+ Ferrous Bisglycinate low dose cookie (3.8mg) 3X a week overcomes anemia
+ Iron deficiency linked to depression
+ Iron absorption in intestines is upregulated in iron deficiency
+ Iron deficiency causes increase in zip metal transporters
+ Iron affects behavior
+ Deficiency of iron in infants decreases motor development
+ Deficiency can cause ovary infertility
+ Better to supplement iron in pregnancy than take chances

+ Deficiency is associated with disease components of Metabolic Syndrome
+ Deficiency incidence is widespread
+ Has neuro-protective effects
+ Administration modulates cadmium toxicity
+ Deficiency a factor in the increase in serum lipids of diabetes
+ Level of intake an indicator of anemia
+ Low in muscle fatigue
+ Palliates skin allergy
+ Absorption mechanism
+ Anti stress effects
+ Deficiency causes small intestine inflammation
+ Supplementation fights gallstone disease in men
+ Role as chronic cell regulator
+ Decreases inflammatory markers (c-reactive protein) in heart failure
+ Deficiency contributes to metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and eclampsia
+ Supplementation improves athletic performance through increasing erythrocyte and hemoglobin levels
+ Little correlation between ionized and total magnesium
+ Intake lowers systemic markers of inflammation
+ Deficiency leads to excess inflammatory response to oxidative stress
+ Deficiency contributes to lens opacifiction
+ Supplementation has positive affect on pediatric asthma
+ Supplementation has positive affect on metabolic profile of diabetics
+ Supplementation reduces symptoms of PMS
+ Deficiency contributes to insulin resistance
+ May be associated with BMI
+ High acid load can cause magnesium deficiency

+ Manganese deficiency has been noted in humans in association with vitamin K deficiency
+ Affects skeletal health
+ Deficiency can cause:

                 - impaired growth
                 - disturbed or depressed reproductive functions
                 - lack of muscular coordination among newborns
                 - impaired glucose tolerance

+ Plays an active role in wound healing through support of collagen production
+ Manganese deficiency is not common, and there is more concern for toxicity related to manganese overexposure

+ Contributes to the plasma antioxidant capacity of the blood
+ Plays a role in the metabolism of drugs and toxins
+ Dietary molybdenum deficiency has never been observed in healthy people

+ An essential dietary mineral and electrolyte
+ Abnormally low plasma potassium concentration is referred to as hypokalemia
+ Abnormally elevated serum potassium concentrations are referred to as hyperkalemia
+ Several large epidemiological studies have suggested that increased potassium intake is associated with decreased risk of stroke
+ Studies have reported positive associations between dietary potassium intake and bone mineral density
+ Has been found to decrease urinary calcium excretion, the primary cause of kidney stones
+ Studies indicate that groups with high dietary potassium have lower blood pressure than comparable groups with low potassium intake
+ Gastrointestinal symptoms are the most common side effects of potassium supplements, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, and diarrhea

+ Absorption capacity
+ Effect on immune system
+ Positive impact on atherosclerosis seen in diabetics via decreased lesion formation
+ Fights against liver damage
+ Helps prevent gastric cancer
+ Improves lymphocytic function
+ Positive impact on antioxidant activity and glucose homeostasis
+ Deficiency contributes to myopathy
+ Intake of selenium glycinate reduces plasma PSA

+ May be involved in normal bone growth
+ Studies suggest vanadium may reduce blood sugar levels and improve sensitivity to insulin in type 2 diabetes
+ Animal studies suggest that vanadium may protect against colon cancer
+ More research is needed to clarify the role of vanadium in human health

+ Deficiency associated with cardiomyopathy  (IDCMP)
+ Oxidative stress fighter
+ Deficiency is a far greater health problem  than previously recognized
+ Deficiency associated with heart abnormalities
+ Deficiency associated with type 2 diabetes
+ High incidence of deficiency in China
+ Anti inflammatory benefits
+ Extends health span (genomic effect)
+ Enhances antioxidant effect
+ Anti-aging effect on immune system
+ Decreases respiratory tract infection
+ Deficiency is higher than believed and is  associated with many real clinical problems
+ Use prevents some alcohol effects on the fetal neurological system
+ Supplementation helps fight pneumonia in  elderly
+ Health impact on 300 enzyme systems
+ Deficiency is pro-atherosclerotic
+ Supplementation suppresses disease activity of ulcerative colitis
+ Loss can be both cause and effect of high blood pressure
+ Deficiency impairs EPO production leading to a decrease in red cell production
+ Supplementation has positive impact on oxidative stress of exercise
+ Has hepato-protective properties
+ Supplementation seen to decrease incidence of infection and decrease oxidative stress
+ Inhibits iron absorption, the degree of which depends on the Zinc/Iron ratio in lumen
+ Impacts cognitive function
+ Can negatively impact iron status
+ Supplementation improves immune response in elderly
+ Deficiency often seen in exclusively breast fed causing skin lesions